Identifies the three major treatment models for addictive behaviors and a brief history of each: (a) the moral model, (b) the medical model, (c) the harm-reduction model. Describes the most recent research on the effectiveness of abstinence and harm-reduction addiction treatment programs and who each approach is best suited for. Lists protective behavioral strategies (PBS) used in moderating alcohol use among college students. Distinguishes “overdose” from “high”, and list risk factors for overdose and strategies for prevention. Describes approaches to treating opioid dependence and the benefits and drawbacks of each.
Identifies the rates of incidence and essentials of diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Discusses the issues and controversies in diagnosis of adult ADHD. Describes the clinical essentials of differential diagnosis of ADHD in adults and presentations of other disorders with similar core symptoms. Identiies medications (stimulants and non-stimulants) that may be used in pharmacological management of ADHD in the adult population. Discusses the recent developments in the field of non-stimulant medications for adult ADHD, including cholinergic drugs and atypical antidepressants.
Outlines the diagnostic issues of various anxiety disorders including GAD, panic disorder, OCD, and social phobia. Identifies differentials of anxiety disorders and the nomenclature of phobias and related conditions. Describes commonly used pharmacological agents and their interactions, side effects, and expected effects. Addresses the issue of co-administration of these drugs with dental drugs. Identifies approaches to co-management of anxiety and depression, anxiety and alcohol-related disorders, and acute toxicity of benzodiazepines.
Describes the differences between the previous Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), and the current one (DSM-5) in terms of how autism, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and related disorders are viewed and diagnosed. Identifies the physiological, familial, and psychological issues in the clinical diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Addresses the issues of toxicity from heavy metal (mercury, lead) and other pathogenic factors in the development of autism spectrum disorder. Identifies medications used in management of various clinical resentations and comorbidities of autism spectrum disorder. Discusses appropriate nonpharmacological (general health, psychological, and behavioral) approaches to the treatment of autism spectrum disorder.
Explains the principles of diagnosis and differential diagnosis of Adjustment Disorder, the controversy that surrounds its classification, and its proper place in the hierarchy of psychiatric disorders. Identifies helpful strategies for patients with Adjustment Disorder. Outlines the issues of diagnosis and management of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Describes Shared Psychotic Disorder and its diagnosis and treatment. Describes ways to cope with stress and recommends appropriate coping strategies to patients.
Lists methods to assist patients with memory and communication problems. Lists strategies to assist patients with mood and behavioral problems. Identifies strategies to assist patients with physical and personal hygiene problems. Identifies approaches to mealtime and nutritional health. Identifies strategies for handling exercise, socializing, and other activities. Discusses when and how to consider alternative living arrangements including respite care. Describes the legal and financial concerns that need to be addressed.
Describes some of the effects of chronic pain on the brain. Lists the major chronic pain disorders and their treatments. Explains the differences between migraine and tension headaches. Identifies the major sources of back pain and their effective treatments. Describes the differences between trigger points and tender points. Lists methods and techniques of lowering the risk of chronic pain disorders. Discusses the concept of multidisciplinary pain management. Describes the applications of non-pharmacologic pain treatments like cognitive-behavioral therapy, biofeedback, and meditation.
Identifies the major components of cognitive behavioral therapy and the causative relationship between environmental events, thoughts, emotions, and behavior. Lists the common types of flawed and irrational beliefs that create depression, anxiety, and stress. Describes the “ABC” process of converting irrational thinking into rational thinking. Describes cognitive-behavioral treatment strategies for depression and anxiety. Defines “allostasis” and “allostatic load” aspects of stress and describe the “Stress Inoculation Training” approach to stress management.