Recognizes the significance of the immune system in combating infection and disease. Distinguishes between innate and adaptive immune responses. Identifies the humoral and cellular components of the non-specific immune response. Differentiates between acute and chronic inflammation. Identifies the mechanisms of combating infection/disease. Outlines the components of an anti-inflammatory lifestyle.
Identifies the differences between functional gastrointestinal disorders and inflammatory bowel diseases. Explains the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and identifies appropriate treatment strategies. Discusses the pathophysiology of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative collitis and identify appropriate treatment strategies. Identifies psychosocial issues in chronic gastrointestinal disorders. Discusses new research on the causes of gastrointestinal disorders, such as peptic ulcer disease.
Describes the anatomical structure of the knee. Identifies the different types of knee injuries and their manifestations. Differentiates between major and minor injuries and the causes of knee pain. Explains strategies for preventing knee pain. Discusses the medical and surgical options now available to treat knee pain/injury.
Describes how leg and foot pathologies can impair functional ability. Describes the role of different disciplines in the diagnosis
and treatment of leg and foot pathologies. Outlines evidence-based interventions for each condition. Identifies risk factors for each leg/foot condition. Identifies how this course will impact his/her current practice and interaction with patients, clients, and families.
Defines low back pain. Describes the prevalence of this condition within the U.S. Identifies the different causes of low back pain. Describes some of the treatment approaches employed. Discuss ways to prevent low back pain.
Identifies the anatomy and function of the neck and shoulder joint. Identifies the different neck and shoulder disorders. Discusses the differences in presentation of signs and symptoms among the different neck and shoulder disorders. Describes the role of imaging in the diagnosis of neck and shoulder disorders. Lists surgical and non-surgical treatment options for these disorders. Discusses recent advances in joint replacement surgery (arthroplasty) and artificial disc replacement.
Lists and describes major steps in the historical development of pain concepts and treatment. Discusses the difference between acute and chronic pain. Describes the characteristics of nociceptive, neuropathic, and psychogenic pain. Lists and describes the four components of the pain pathway. Identifies parts of the brain involved in pain processing. Describes the methods and accuracy of measuring pain. Explains sex and gender differences in pain. Discusses the impact of chronic pain on healthcare and dental professional practice.
Describes the difference between chronic and acute pain. Identifies the symptoms of and treatments for chronic pain conditions affecting women. Discusses the role of home remedies, relaxation techniques, and other non-drug therapies for treating chronic pain. Explains the psychosocial aspects of treating chronic pain. Describes how to manage use of pain medications, including opioids, to ensure patient safety.