Identifies the anatomy and function of the neck and shoulder joint. Identifies the different neck and shoulder disorders. Discusses the differences in presentation of signs and symptoms among the different neck and shoulder disorders. Describes the role of imaging in the diagnosis of neck and shoulder disorders. Lists surgical and non-surgical treatment options for these disorders. Discusses recent advances in joint replacement surgery (arthroplasty) and artificial disc replacement.
Lists and describes major steps in the historical development of pain concepts and treatment. Discusses the difference between acute and chronic pain. Describes the characteristics of nociceptive, neuropathic, and psychogenic pain. Lists and describes the four components of the pain pathway. Identifies parts of the brain involved in pain processing. Describes the methods and accuracy of measuring pain. Explains sex and gender differences in pain. Discusses the impact of chronic pain on healthcare and dental professional practice.
Describes the difference between chronic and acute pain. Identifies the symptoms of and treatments for chronic pain conditions affecting women. Discusses the role of home remedies, relaxation techniques, and other non-drug therapies for treating chronic pain. Explains the psychosocial aspects of treating chronic pain. Describes how to manage use of pain medications, including opioids, to ensure patient safety.