Describes the origin and goals of the new “positive psychology.” Lists the factors that contribute to happiness and life satisfaction. Discusses the research findings related to happiness and life satisfaction. Lists several activities and exercises that can enhance happiness and life satisfaction.
Defines various forms of bullying, associated behavioral traits, and prevalence. Describes individual, family, and social factors related to child and youth bullying. Explains bias-based bullying including race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, disabilities. Discusses cyber bullying and associated problems. Describes bullying within friendships. Discusses intervention and treatment strategies for child and youth bullying. Outlines the problem of office and workplace bullying and how to respond to it.
Explains how the body responds to and processes stress. Identifies the impact of stress on risk for heart disease and the physiological mechanisms that may mediate this link. Describes the role stress may play in increasing risk for health problems across the life span. Identifies a number of interventions for reducing stress.
Defines social anxiety. Describes the symptoms of social anxiety. Identifies the causes of social anxiety. Describes the similarities and differences between shyness and social anxiety. Outlines the role of thinking in social anxiety. Describes strategies for coping with and reducing social anxiety.
Identifies the physiologic, pharmacologic, and psychoneurologic properties of stimulants. Outlines the issues of caffeine toxicity, caffeine withdrawal, and management of caffeine-related disorders. Describes the mechanisms involved in amphetamine addiction and approaches to management of this condition. Identifies stimulants and stimulant-like medications used in weight reduction and appetite suppression.
Outlines the classification and diagnosis of sleep disorders, including various insomnias and circadian rhythm anomalies, restless legs syndrome (RLS), and periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD). Identifies other conditions that may contribute to sleep disorders, including neurological, endocrinological, and psychological disorders. Describes the approaches to management of sleep disorders, both pharmacological and nonpharmacological (e.g., dietary, hygienic, and psychosocial). Identifies clinical ramifications of sleep apnea and RLS/PLMD pertinent to dental practice and general clinical practice.
Defines stress, anxiety, and depression and discuss the differences among them. Identifies the physiological and emotional symptoms of stress, as well as common stress triggers. Discusses various techniques for coping with stress, such as stress management, complementary therapies, and psychotherapeutic approaches. Outlines the pharmacology, including side effects, of medical treatments for stress and depression.
Describes the pathophysiology associated with stroke. Discusses the major risk factors for stroke. Identifies the lifestyle and dietary changes that can help prevent the onset of a stroke. Describes currently available treatments and new therapies still under investigation. Explains the role of the rehabilitation team, including physical and occupational therapists, and counselors, in helping to improve patient outcome.