Identifies typical symptoms of Parkinson’s disease and ALS. Describes approaches to diagnosing Parkinson’s disease and ALS. Identifies available options for aiding patients with Parkinson’s disease or ALS, including medications, occupational and physical therapy, and assistive devices that may benefit a patient. Describes possible future therapeutic approaches for treating Parkinson’s disease and ALS.
Identifies the basic neurophysiology, pathogenesis, etiology, and diagnosis of affective unipolar disorder/major depressive disorder (UD/MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). Discusses the involvement of various chemical imbalances in these affective disorders, including neurotransmitters and neurohormones such as serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine and cortisol. Lists the differential diagnosis of these conditions and the management of both disorders. Describe the spectrum of available pharmacological, psychotherapeutic, and experimental therapies for both conditions.
Describes the origin and goals of the new “positive psychology.” Lists the factors that contribute to happiness and life satisfaction. Discusses the research findings related to happiness and life satisfaction. Lists several activities and exercises that can enhance happiness and life satisfaction.
Defines various forms of bullying, associated behavioral traits, and prevalence. Describes individual, family, and social factors related to child and youth bullying. Explains bias-based bullying including race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, disabilities. Discusses cyber bullying and associated problems. Describes bullying within friendships. Discusses intervention and treatment strategies for child and youth bullying. Outlines the problem of office and workplace bullying and how to respond to it.
Explains how the body responds to and processes stress. Identifies the impact of stress on risk for heart disease and the physiological mechanisms that may mediate this link. Describes the role stress may play in increasing risk for health problems across the life span. Identifies a number of interventions for reducing stress.
Defines social anxiety. Describes the symptoms of social anxiety. Identifies the causes of social anxiety. Describes the similarities and differences between shyness and social anxiety. Outlines the role of thinking in social anxiety. Describes strategies for coping with and reducing social anxiety.
Identifies the physiologic, pharmacologic, and psychoneurologic properties of stimulants. Outlines the issues of caffeine toxicity, caffeine withdrawal, and management of caffeine-related disorders. Describes the mechanisms involved in amphetamine addiction and approaches to management of this condition. Identifies stimulants and stimulant-like medications used in weight reduction and appetite suppression.
Outlines the classification and diagnosis of sleep disorders, including various insomnias and circadian rhythm anomalies, restless legs syndrome (RLS), and periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD). Identifies other conditions that may contribute to sleep disorders, including neurological, endocrinological, and psychological disorders. Describes the approaches to management of sleep disorders, both pharmacological and nonpharmacological (e.g., dietary, hygienic, and psychosocial). Identifies clinical ramifications of sleep apnea and RLS/PLMD pertinent to dental practice and general clinical practice.