Describes the differences between the previous Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), and the current one (DSM-5) in terms of how autism, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and related disorders are viewed and diagnosed. Identifies the physiological, familial, and psychological issues in the clinical diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Addresses the issues of toxicity from heavy metal (mercury, lead) and other pathogenic factors in the development of autism spectrum disorder. Identifies medications used in management of various clinical resentations and comorbidities of autism spectrum disorder. Discusses appropriate nonpharmacological (general health, psychological, and behavioral) approaches to the treatment of autism spectrum disorder.
Generally characterizes the causes and types of autoimmune disease. Identifies common symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Addresses the issues in diagnosing multiple sclerosis. Identifies possible courses of multiple sclerosis disease progression. Identifies available therapeutic options, including disease-modifying drugs, therapeutic agents for alleviating symptoms, and behavior modifications that may benefit a multiple sclerosis patient.
Explains the principles of diagnosis and differential diagnosis of Adjustment Disorder, the controversy that surrounds its classification, and its proper place in the hierarchy of psychiatric disorders. Identifies helpful strategies for patients with Adjustment Disorder. Outlines the issues of diagnosis and management of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Describes Shared Psychotic Disorder and its diagnosis and treatment. Describes ways to cope with stress and recommends appropriate coping strategies to patients.
Discusses how foods and vitamins may improve memory and brain function. Describes how the DASH and Mediterranean diets may play a key role in brain health. Explains how food choices and supplements may play a role in Alzheimer’s disease and brain aging. Describes an optimal diet for brain health.
Describes the role tobacco plays in various kinds of cancers. Identifies the impact of estrogens, and viral and bacterial pathogens, on the development of cancer. Describes the lifestyle and dietary changes that can help prevent the development of cancer. Discusses the benefits and drawbacks associated with some of the tools used to screen for cancer. Identifies the role of chemopreventive agents, and how they may be able to curtail the onset of cancer, or its recurrence.
Lists methods to assist patients with memory and communication problems. Lists strategies to assist patients with mood and behavioral problems. Identifies strategies to assist patients with physical and personal hygiene problems. Identifies approaches to mealtime and nutritional health. Identifies strategies for handling exercise, socializing, and other activities. Discusses when and how to consider alternative living arrangements including respite care. Describes the legal and financial concerns that need to be addressed.
Identifies the personal qualities needed by a caregiver. Describes the stages an Alzheimer’s patient’s caregiver experiences as part of the process of becoming a caregiver. Identifies a team of health care professionals to provide care for the individual with a dementing condition. Provides strategies for caregivers to care for themselves, including physical and emotional health.
Describes some of the effects of chronic pain on the brain. Lists the major chronic pain disorders and their treatments. Explains the differences between migraine and tension headaches. Identifies the major sources of back pain and their effective treatments. Describes the differences between trigger points and tender points. Lists methods and techniques of lowering the risk of chronic pain disorders. Discusses the concept of multidisciplinary pain management. Describes the applications of non-pharmacologic pain treatments like cognitive-behavioral therapy, biofeedback, and meditation.